高二英语试题

lete D friendly
答题卡 CLASS NAME WHOLE MARKS 1-5 6-10 ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD
ABCD
ABCD ABCD
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11-15 A B C D 16-20 A B C D 21-25 A B C D 26-30 A B C D 31-35 A B C D 36-40 A B C D 41-45 A B C D 46-50 A B C D 51-55 A B C D 56-60 A B C D 61-65 A B C D 66-70 A B C D 71-75 A B C D 76-80 A B C D 81-85 A B C D 86-90 A B C D 91-95 A B C D 96-100 A B C D
ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD
ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD ABCD
高考英语状语从句练习与讲解
http://edu.dahe.cn 2007 年 08 月 08 日 17:02
来源: 新浪
状语从句
状语从句在句中相当于副词做状语,又叫副词性从句。 状语 从句分为时间状语从句、条件状语从句、地点状语从句、原因 状语从句、目的状语从句、让步状语从句、结果状语从句和比 较状语从句。掌握状语从句应当引导词入手,注意引导词的词 义,引导状语从句的引导词都有词思,所以,了解引导词的意思尤 为重要。引导词按意义分为九类:

  1)时间 when , as , while , till , until , before, after , since

  2)地点 where

  3)原因 because , as , since , now that

  4)条件 if , unless , once .so (as)long as . in case

  5)让步 though , whatever (--ever) as, even though, even if

  6)目的 so that, in order that

  7)结果 so ... that

  8)比较 than, as .. as

  9)方式 as , as if
例如:

  1.I fell asleep when ( as , while ) he was doing his exercises .
他正作练习时我睡着了。 (时间状语从句)

  2. When he arrived in Shanghai , his mother met him at the station .
他到上海时,他妈妈到车站接他。 (时间状语从句)

  3.She always sings as she walks .
她总是一边走一边唱。 (时间状语从句)

  4.I waited until he had finished his work .
我等到他做完活。 (时间状语从句)

  5.It was not long before he told me about this affair .
不久,他就告诉我这件事。 (时间状语从句)

  6.He has worked very hard since he entered the factory .
自从他进厂,工作一直很努力。 (时间状语从句)

  7.After he had finished the work , he went home .
他干完活,回家了。 (时间状语从句)

  8.Where there is a will,there is a way .
有志者,事竟成。 (地点状语从句)

  9.She didn't come to school because she was ill .
她由于有病没来上学。 (原因状语从句)

  10.As he did not know much English , he looked up the word in the dictionary .
由于他不懂什么英语,所以查字典。 (原因状语从句)

  11.Now that ( Since ) I've told you twice , you must know it .
既然我告诉你两次了,你必须记住。 (原因状语从句)

  12.Once he says that , he will do it .
一旦他说了,他就会做。 (条件状语从句)

  13.Unless I receive the letter from him , I won't write to him again .
如果我不收到他的信,就不给他写回信。 (条件状语从句)

  14.So long as you work hard , you are sure to succeed .
只要你努力工作,就一定能成功。 (条件状语从句)

  15.Thoughwewere neither very big nor very strong , we were a good team .
虽然我们个儿不大,身体不壮,但是个好队。 (让步状语 从句)

  16.No matter who she is , she'll have to wait .
无论她是谁,也得等。 (让步状语从句)

  17.Poor as he was , he was honest .
虽然他很穷,但很诚实。 (让步状语从句)

  18. also shows you the caller's telephone numberin order that you It can recognize who it is .
它能向你显示打电话人的号码以便能够认出是谁。 (目的 状语从句)

  19.He was so excited that he could not say a word .
他如此激动以至于说不出话来。 (结果状语从句)

  20.He works as hard as he used to .
他工作与过去一样努力。 (方式状语从句)

  21.You must do as I told you .
你必须按我告诉你的去做。 (方式状语从句)
运用状语从句应注意的几个问题:
  1)状语从句中用一般现在时代替一般将来时
  2)because 不与 so 连用,表示"因为...所以"二者只能选择其 一;though ( although )不与 but 连用,表示"虽然...但是" ,二者只能选 择其一.
  3)同一引导词可以引导不同种类的从句.如: where You'll find itwhere it was .(地点状语从句) Tell me the addresswhere he lives . (定语从句) I don't knowwhere he came from . (宾语从句) Where he has goneis not known yet . (主语从句)
This is where they once lived . (表语从句) since , as, when 也分别可以引导不同种类的从句. 练习题 I .填入适当的引导词
  1. I haven't heard from him he went to America .
  2.He won't be here he is invited .
  3. He will not go to the cinema he is very busy .
  4. We found the key she lad left it .
  5. We found the books two days he had gone away .
  6. We had no sooner got to the station the train left .
  7. Hespeaks English he were an Englishman .
  8.He is explaining clearly they could understand .
  9. Do not leave the room you have finished the test .
  10. She sang she went along . 答案:
  1.since
  2.unless
  3.because
  4.where
  5.after
  6.than
  7.as if
  8.so that
  9.before
  10.as II.改错
  1. The children were running on the playground as fast as they can .
  2.Since her husband had died , so she had to supporther family .

  3.He won't go out until his mother will come .
  4.He was very foolish that he didn't pass such an easy exam .
  5.Tom had gone out as soon as his mother got home .
  6.It was three months since he came to our school .
  7.The playground of our school is larger than their school .
  8.The streets in Nanjing are wider than Shanghai .
  9.Whatever there is plenty of sun and rain , the fields are green .
  10. She singssongsas ifshe is a bird . 答案: can 改为 could
  2.去掉 so
  3.will come 改为 comes
  4. very
  1. 改为 so
  5.as soon as 改为 when
  6.was 改为 is
  7.than 之后加上 that of
  8.than 后加 those in
  9.whatever 改为 wherever
  10. is 改为 were III.找出从句并指出是那类从句
  1. It depends on whether we have enough time .
  2.The question he asked was where the electrical equipment should be stored.
  3. The mountain is no longer what it used to be .
  4. The fact that she works hard is well known to us all .
  5. He wasnotthe man that he was before .
  6. Nowyou was free , why not go swimming with us ?
  7. Where there are schools and colleges , there are examinations .

  8. Bad habits , once firmed , are difficult to give up .
  9.She often wears the same kind of skirt as her twin sister does . 10 .The moment he opened the window , a bird flew in . 答案:
  1.whether we have enough time 介词宾语从句
  2.he asked 定语从句 where the electrical equipment should be stored 表语从句
  3.what it used to be 表语从句
  4. that she works hard 同位语从句
  5. that he was before 定语从句
  6.Nowyou was free 让步状语从句 now= now that
  7.Where there are schools and colleges 地点状语从句
  8. once firmed 时间状语从句
  9. as her twin sister does 定语从句
  10.The moment he opened the window 时间状语从句 IV.填入适当的引导词完成句子
  1. will do the experiment comes to the professor's office .
  2. will do the experiment hasn't been decided .
  3. The teacher didn't leave twelve o'clock .

  4. the day went on , the weather got worse .
  5. she is young , she knows quite a lot .
  6.It worried her a bit her hair was turning grey .
  7. You will be late you leave immediately.
  8.Go and get your coat . It's you left it .
  9. is mentioned above , the number of the students in senior high schools is increasing .
  10. had I entered the room the phone rang . 答案:
  1.Whoever
  2. Who
  3.until
  4.As
  5.Although
  6.that
  7.unless
  8.where
  9.As 10 Hardly, when ( No sooner , than ) V.改错
  1.Is this the watch for which he is looking now ?
  2. This is all which I can do for you .
  3.Do you know the old man at the back of the room, whom has been chosen head of the factory .
  4. I want to know the way which you learn new words .
  5. Can you tell me that there's a bookstore near here ?
  6. Our school quite different from that it was before .
  7. If she likes the present is not clear to me .
  8.For she is ill , shehasn't come to school .

  9. It gave him so a big shock that his face turned pale .
  10. He is cleverer than any boy in his class . 答案:
  1.for 放在 looking 之后
  2.which 改为 that
  3.whom 改为 who
  4.which 改为 how
  5.that 改为 whether
  6.that 改为 what
  7.If 改为 Whether
  8.For 改为 Because
  9.so 改为 such
  10.any 后加 other
高中英语非谓语动词用法对比讲篇
知识要点: 一、不定式与动名词做主语:
  1、动名词做主语往往表示普通的、一般的行为,不定式做主 语常表示某次具体的行为。例如: Collecting information about children’s health is his job. 收集有关儿 童健康的信息是他的 工作。
It’s necessary to discuss the problem with an experienced teacher. 与一位有经验的老师 讨论这个问题是有必要的。

  2、常用不定式做主语的句型有: (
  1)It’s difficult (important, necessary) for sb. to do (
  2)It’s kind (good, friendly, polite, careless, rude, cruel, clever, foolish, brave)of sb. to do.
  3、常用动名词做主语的句型有:
It’s no good (use, fun) doing. It’s (a) waste of time one’s doing. It’s worth while doing. 二、不定式、动名词、分词做表语:
  1、不定式做表语常表示谓语动词所表示动作之后发生的动作。 His teaching aim of this class is to train the students’ speaking ability. 他这节课的教学 目的是要训练学生说的能力。

  2、动名词做表语是对主语内容的解释,这时主语与表语位置 可以互换,动名词常用于口语中。 Its full-time job is laying eggs. 它的(指蚁后)的专职工作是 产卵。
  3、现在分词做表语表示主语的性质与特征;进行时表示正在 进行的动作。 The task of this class is practising the idioms. (现在分词做表 语) With the help of the teacher, the students are practising the idi oms. (现在进行时)
  4、常用作表语的现在分词有:interesting, amusing, disappointing, missing, puzzling, exciting, 示进行与主动。 The joke is amusing .这笑话很逗人。 The problem is puzzling. 这个问题令人不解。 inspiring, following 等。现在分词表

  5、过去分词作表语表示主语所处的被动状态或完成某动作的 状态。而被动语态表示主语所承 受的动作。
The village is surrounded by high mountains.(过去分词做表 语) The enemy was surrounded by the Red Army.(被动语态) He is well educated.(过去分词做表语) He has been educated in this college for three years.(被动语 态) 常用在句中做表语的过去分词有: used, closed, covered, interested, followed, satisfied, surrounded, done, lost, decided, prepared, saved, shut, won, complete unexpecte
d, crowded, dressed, wasted, broken, married, d 等。
  6、注意如下动词的现在分词与过去分词用法不同:
interest(使…感兴趣) ,surprise(使…吃惊) ,frighten(使… 害怕) ,excite(使…兴奋) ,tire(使…疲劳) ,please(使…满意) , puzzle(使…迷惑不解) ,satisfy(使…满意) , amuse(使…娱乐) ,disappoint(使…失望) ,inspire(使…欢欣鼓 舞) ,worry(使…忧虑) 它们的现在分词常修饰物(有时修饰人) ,表示主动,过去分 词常修饰人,表示被动(包括某人的 look、voice 等) 。例如: Climbing is tiring. 爬山很累人。
They are very tired. 他们很疲劳 After hearing the exciting news, he gave a speech in an excite d voice. 三、不定式与动名词做宾语:
  1、下列动词跟不定式做宾语: want, wish, hope, expect, ask, pretend, care, decide, happen, lon g, offer, refuse, fail, plan, prepare, order, cause, afford, beg, mana ge, agree, promise 等。
  2、在下列动词或动词短语后用动名词做宾语: enjoy, finish, suggest, avoid, excuse, delay, imagine, keep, miss, appreciate, be busy, be worth, feel like, can’t stand, can’t help,
think of, dream of, be fond of, prevent…(from), keep…from, sto p…(from), protect…from, set about, be engaged in, spend…(in), su cceed in, be used to, look forward to, object to, pay attention to, insist on 等。
  3、在 forget, remember, stop, regret, try, mean 等动词后跟不定式 与动名词意义不同,不定式 表示谓语动词之后的动作,而动
名词表示的动作发生在谓语动词之前,常用一般式 doing 代替完成式 having done. He forgot to tell me to post the letter.(他忘了叫我发信。 ) I shall never forget finding that rare stamp on an ordinary envel ope. 我永远也忘不了在 一个普通信封上发现了那枚珍贵
的邮票。 Remember to write to us when you get there. 到那里, 记得给 我们写信。 I don’t remember meeting him. 我不记得见过他。 I re

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